Teaching Style: Further Thoughts on Demos and Pace

Part 2 of a three-part series

Some argue that the demo method turns off younger students because it’s slower paced. Occasionally I hear “directives” from Iyengar yoga associations that teaching should be more dynamic—more jumping around and tricky poses—to attract young people.

On one hand, this idea makes sense. Twentysomethings are generally healthy and eager to progress physically. On the other hand, it assumes a lot. I surveyed my students about in-class demos and those in their 20s to 30s quite like demos and step-by-step teaching. They’ve tried and rejected mega classes with no demos, no corrections. They do other activities—jogging, cycling, weightlifting, Zumba—to work out. They’re seeking something else, some way to complement life in general.

Have you noticed that Iyengar yoga appeals to a particular mindset? It takes a degree of maturity to appreciate Iyengar yoga—and this maturity is typically, but not necessarily, linked to age. Detailed instructions, close observations, willingness to be corrected, precision, subtlety, stillness. It’s not to everyone’s taste.

Fast Versus Slow Pace

Is Iyengar yoga fundamentally faster paced—or slower paced? Although I’m relatively dynamic in my teaching style and a bit leery of overanalysis and “too many demos,” I believe that Iyengar yoga is not a fast-paced method. That would be Pattabhi Jois’s Ashtanga yoga, marked by vigorous set sequences of multiple repetitions with shorter holds. In Iyengar yoga, precise form and longer holds are essential. And demos, whether many or few, whether “come and watch” or “follow the leader,” are part of the process.

If slower pace turns off those seeking flow yoga, so what? Why cater to what might appeal to this or that group?

Early in my teaching career, I had a student who had done other types of yoga before trying my classes. She was attentive and regular but, after a couple of years, said that she misses the constant movement of flow yoga. I regularly included Sun Salutations (which are integral to my own practice) and flowing sequences, but certainly not every time—and my emphasis was on alignment and individual correction.

As a new teacher, I immediately questioned myself. Should I include more nonstop vinyasa? Am I turning off potential students? I’ve long outgrown that mentality. I teach according to who I am. I can’t be everything to everyone.

As to methods, there may be a million and then some, but principles are few. The man who grasps principles can successfully select his own methods. The man who tries methods, ignoring principles, is sure to have trouble.

Harrington Emerson

Different Styles, Similarly Effective

Demos and slower pace are, arguably, elements of Iyengar yoga teaching, but they’re not “one size fits all.” Teachers have natural inclinations and should teach accordingly. They must find their own style and not copy others or cater to what’s popular.

If I recall the teachers who have influenced me, they vary in teaching style. If I sense that I can really learn from someone, I accept their style. If authentic, any style can be effective.

My very first yoga teacher was Sandy Blaine. In Berkeley in the late 1990s, I took one class with her, and I was hooked. I don’t recall Sandy’s teaching being demo heavy because her sequences had a steady, fluid quality. After each class, I’d fall into deep Savasana—my body temperature would palpably drop, and my mind would enter that liminal zone. I’d feel drained and yet exhilarated, as if I’d gone on a journey.

But Sandy must have demo’d because I first learned almost every pose from her. She was adept in asana; watching her was inspiring. I was a regular at her studio. Our core group of 10 or so had an easy camaraderie, so trying new poses, even tricky ones, wasn’t intimidating. The vibe surely reflected Sandy’s warm, open personality.

Rather than frequently stopping to do a “come and watch” student demos, she more often demo’d herself and then manually adjusted our bodies. She had a perceptive eye and a confident touch; her adjustments clearly indicated what I needed to do. Sandy was the perfect conduit to yoga for me.

Back then, I also studied with the late Donald Moyer of the Yoga Room in Berkeley. Donald was a maestro of the “student demo”—in which he used students as case studies to illustrate a concept. In class, we often had to gather and watch, carefully, else miss the point. His thinking was subtle, targeting specific muscles and bones and the “inner body.” His quirky sense of humor kept his intricate, even esoteric, teaching lighthearted.

Because close observation was his forte, Donald’s emphasis on demos made sense. It matched his knowledge and his manner. At the Yoga Room’s annual summer intensive, he’d invite each participant to choose one pose to work on. Then, each day, he’d guide a couple of participants in their chosen poses while classmates observed. The intensives were geared for experienced practitioners, including many teachers, who understood demos. But he included student demos in his general classes, too.

I must admit that long demos sometimes tried my patience. But I always valued Donald’s detailed, demo-oriented teaching. I knew, even as a beginner, that I wouldn’t find another teacher quite like him.

I describe Sandy and Donald to show that different teaching styles can be similarly effective. But the style must come naturally to the teacher. It’s excruciating to watch an analytical demo by someone with nothing original and interesting to convey.

In debating the demo method, it sounds as if we’re judging its merits. It sounds as if there’s one best way to teach. That’s misguided. There’s no right or wrong way, as I try to show via Sandy and Donald.

Iyengar yoga teachers share the same basic principles. We are certified based on rigorous, specific, and uniform training. But how we teach? What a pity if our teaching styles, like our training, were uniform!

Images: I never tire of watching cats. Their physicality is compelling, their composure even more so. They know exactly what they like and what they dislike. They know when to leap, when to let go. Watching a cat in repose is an impeccable demonstration of restorative yoga.

Pictured in this series are Shey and Tai. Born in 2001, they were brothers and lifelong companions who lived for more than 16 years with my yoga colleague Valerie Speidel, Studio-be. I was delighted to find them together at home in Kitsilano, Vancouver, in May 2014.



  1. As a little kid, I learned to play the ukulele by tape recording songs I liked on the radio. I’d use the play, pause, and rewind buttons to listen to a few seconds of the song, pause, try to imitate the melody, rewind, and repeat. After some time and effort, I’d be able to play those few seconds. I’d move onto the next few seconds and repeat this process until I learned the entire song.

    Can’t speak for others, but I learn each asana the same way: A slower, more methodical breakdown of each asana via a Mysore or Iyengar-like class more focused on alignment. Then put it together in a flow-type class like Vinyasa or Hatha, or even Yin. Bottom line, I attend classes of different styles and find they are complementary. Sometimes I feel like experiencing stillness, sometimes dynamic flow. And I find that instructors who specialize in a certain style offer more meaningful cues, adjustments, and modifications. I’m really interested in hearing others opinions on this topic.


    1. Nice distinction between initial learning (gradual, methodical) and subsequent application (immediate, intuitive) to other situations. You mention various types of yoga. In my post, I try to emphasize the variety even in one type, Iyengar yoga. Thanks for sharing, Keith.


  2. The Pune style of Iyengar yoga involves more jumpings that what we learn in the states. Iyengar yoga can be as hard as Ashtanga, and what I like about Iyengar yoga is the methodical sequencing that leads to learning advanced asanas.


    1. Thanks for sharing a bit about Pune and jumpings. Hearing about other styles can inspire us to shake up our own. As for Iyengar yoga being hard, yes; the assumption that Iyengar yoga is easy is a myth!


  3. Demos are one of the aspects of Iyengar yoga that got me hooked. Even with familiar poses, a different cue, a new way to describe what’s happening, can add new dimensions. I’m not too shy to admit that sometimes a bit of a break to watch can make a challenging class easier to stay in and not get exhausted 😉


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